21 July 2013

Newspapers Reviewed During Evaluation of Wildbirds History

Numerous newspapers issued at communities across the continental United States have articles or notes with important details about the occurrence of wildbirds during historic times. After a multi-year effort to find pertinent articles with informative details, more than 770 newspapers are known to have information essential to any evaluation of wildbirds history associated with North American ornithology.

More than 3100 unique citations have provided more than 6400 distinct records for 285 species, with the first known newspaper mention of birds from A.D. 1675. The period of consideration is basically anything prior to 1885, though some records of particular interest are included for a few subsequent years. Every record is prior to 1890. Each item when added to a relational database includes a distinct citation, species identification, site of occurrence, date when observed using the best available detail and a summary of the given details which is given as a record notation.

These are the species most notably mentioned: Passenger Pigeon (953 records from 97 years, with the first known mention in A.D. 1675, with records for every year subsequent to 1826); Greater Prairie Chicken (446 records for 49 years, with the first record from 1790, and noted every year starting in 1850); Bald Eagle (395); Canada Goose (271); Northern Bobwhite (227); Wild Turkey (160); Snowy Owl (145); American Robin (143); Eastern Bluebird (133); Mallard (100); Wilson's Snipe (91); American Woodcock (89); and, Sandhill Crane (89). The most recent addition was the Purple Gallinule from Florida.

Some of the articles don't mention a species at a particular site at some time, but are included since they are an indicative presentation of bird history, perhaps being a distinct poem. Many of these articles have been transcribed and are available elsewhere on Wildbirds Broadcasting.

It is quite profound to ponder how records for each species could be evaluated within their own context. Consider how the historic records for the Passenger Pigeon could be mapped, based upon time and location details. And then the same information could be presented for each of the other species. It could and should be an essential aspect for the history of ornithology in northern America.

Each of these newspapers have articles, which were found, primarily, based upon a word or word-string search — preferably finding any of the words, or the exact phrase — using more than 100 different search terms. In a few rare instances, each page of a few issues of a newspaper has none-the-less been individually evaluated to determine if there were bird records; and in some instances this time consuming evaluation has been successful. It would, however, require a page-by-page review to find every available record conveyed on the pages of the nations newspapers. This would certainly require a massive amount of time!

This is the list of reviewed newspapers, as of mid-July, 2013, with additional papers from Canada not included in this list. Changes will occur as new sources are found since additional newspaper archival sites become available:

Alabama, U.S.A.
Birmingham Iron Age; Birmingham
Arizona, U.S.A.
Arizona Citizen; Tucson, Pima County
Arizona Sentinel; Yuma, Pima County
Tombstone Epitaph; Tombstone
Arkansas, U.S.A.
Arkansas Gazette; Little Rock
Fort Smith Elevator; Fort Smith
California, U.S.A.
California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences; San Francisco
Daily Alta California; San Francisco
Golden Era; San Francisco
Livermore Herald; Livermore, Alameda County
Los Angeles Herald; Los Angeles
Pacific Rural Press; San Francisco
Sacramento Record; Sacramento
Sacramento Record Union; Sacramento
Sacramento Union; Sacramento
Colorado, U.S.A.
Alamosa Journal; Alamosa, Alamosa County
Black Hawk Mining Journal; Black Hawk
Boulder County Courier; Boulder, Boulder County
Central City Evening Call; Central City
Central City Register; Central City, Gilpin County
Central City Register-Call; Central City, Gilpin County
Chaffee County Times; Buena Vista, Chaffee County
Colorado Banner; Boulder, Boulder County
Colorado Chieftain; Pueblo, Pueblo County
Colorado Springs Gazette and El Paso County News; Colorado Springs
Colorado Transcript; Golden, Jefferson County
Fort Collins Courier; Fort Collins
Fort Collins Standard; Fort Collins
Fort Morgan Times; Fort Morgan, Weld County
Georgetown Courier; Georgetown, Clear Creek County
Rocky Mountain News; Denver, Denver County
Silver Cliff Herald; Silver Cliff, Custer County
Connecticut, U.S.A.
American Mercury; Hartford
Bridgeport Evening Farmer; Bridgeport, Fairfield County
Connecticut Courant; Hartford
Connecticut Herald; New Haven
Connecticut Journal; New Haven
Connecticut Mirror; Hartford
East Haddam Journal; East Haddam, Middlesex County
Litchfield Monitor; Litchfield
Litchfield Republican; Litchfield
Middlesex Gazette; Middletown
New Haven Gazette; New Haven
New Haven Palladium; New Haven, New Haven County
New Milford Journal; New Milford, Litchfield County
Norwich Courier; Norwich
Southport Times; Southport, Fairfield County
State Temperance Journal; New London, New London County
Tolland County Press; Stafford Springs, Tolland County
Williamantic Journal; Willimantic, Whidham County
Delaware, U.S.A.
Delaware Advertiser and Farmers Journal; Wilmington, New Castle County, Delaware
Wilmingtonian and Delaware Advertiser; Wilmington, Delaware
District of Columbia, U.S.A.
National Intelligencer; Washington, District of Columbia
National Republican; Washington, District of Columbia
Washington Evening Critic; Washington, District of Columbia
Washington Globe; Washington, District of Columbia
Washington National Intelligencer; Washington, District of Columbia
Georgia, U.S.A.
Albany Patriot; Albany, Dougherty County
Americus Recorder; Americus, Sumter County
Athens Banner; Athens
Athens Banner-Watchman; Athens
Athens Georgian; Athens
Athens Messenger; Athens
Atlanta Constitution; Atlanta
Atlanta Herald; Atlanta
Atlanta Intelligencer; Atlanta
Atlanta Opinion; Atlanta
Atlanta Sun; Atlanta
Columbus Enquirer; Columbus
Columbus Enquirer-Sun; Columbus
Columbus Sun and Enquirer; Columbus
Cuthbert Appeal; Cuthbert, Randolph County
Dublin Post; Dublin
Farmer's Gazette; Sparta
Federal Union; Milledgeville, Baldwin County
Georgia Journal; Macon
Georgia Weekly Telegraph; Macon
Macon Daily Telegraph; Macon
Macon Telegraph and Messenger; Macon
Marietta Register; Mariette
Milledgeville Union and Recorder; Milledgeville, Baldwin County
Southern Banner; Athens
Southern Recorder; Milledgeville, Baldwin County
Southern Watchman; Athens
Southern Whig; Athens
Sumter Republican; Americus, Sumter County
Sunny South; Atlanta
The Country; Georgia
Thomasville Times; Thomasville, Thomas County
Weekly Columbus Enquirer; Columbus
Weekly Georgia Telegraph; Macon
Illinois, U.S.A.
Alton Courier; Alton, Madison County
Alton Observer; Alton
Alton Telegraph; Alton, Madison County
Cairo Bulletin; Cairo
Decatur Review; Decatur, Macon County
Edwardsville Intelligencer; Edwardsville
Freeport Bulletin; Freeport, Stephenson County
Hyde Park Herald; Hyde Park
Logansport Pharos Tribune; Logansport, Hamilton County
Monmouth Collegian; Monmouth College, Warren County
Mount Carmel Register; Mount Carmel
Olney Times; Olney, Richland County
Ottawa Free Trader; Ottawa, LaSalle County
Quincy Herald; Quincy
Quincy Journal; Quincy
Quincy Whig; Quincy
Quincy Whig and Republican; Quincy
Sterling Gazette; Sterling
Sterling Standard; Sterling, Whiteside County
Sycamore True Republican; Sycamore, De Kalb County
Indiana, U.S.A.
Bedford Star; Bedford, Lawrence County
Brownstown Banner; Brownstown
Cambridge City Tribune; Cambridge City, Wayne County
Connersville Examiner; Connersville, Fayette County
Connersville Times; Connersville, Fayette County
Crown Point Register; Crown Point
Danville Hendricks County Republican 1887; Danville, Hendricks County
Danville Hendricks County Union; Danville, Hendricks County
Dawsons Fort Wayne Tribune; Fort Wayne, Allen County
Delphi Times; Delphi, Carroll County
Elkhart Democratic Union; Elkhart, Elkhart County
Elkhart Monitor; Elkhart, Elkhart County
Elkhart Observer; Elkhart, Elkhart County
Fort Wayne Democrat; Fort Wayne
Fort Wayne Gazette; Fort Wayne, Allen County
Fort Wayne Sentinel; Fort Wayne, Allen County
Greencastle Banner; Greencastle, Putnam County
Indiana Press; Greencastle, Putnam County
Jasper Courier; Jasper, Jasper County
Jeffersonville Evening News; Jeffersonville, Clark County
Jeffersonville National Democrat; Jeffersonville, Clark County
Jeffersonville News; Jeffersonville, Clark County
Logansport Chronicle; Logansport
Logansport Journal; Logansport, Cass County
Logansport News; Logansport
Logansport Star; Logansport
Marshall County Democrat; Plymouth, Marshall County
Marshall County Republican; Plymouth, Marshall County
Martinsville Morgan County Gazette; Martinsville, Morgan County
New Albany Ledger; New Albany, Floyd County
New Albany Register; New Albany, Floyd County
New Albany Tribune; New Albany, Floyd County
Newport Hossier State; Newport, Vermillion County
Putnam Republican Banner; Greencastle, Putnam County
Worthington Gazette; Worthington, Green County
Iowa, U.S.A.
Ackley Enterprise; Ackley
Alden Times; Alden, Hardin County
Algona Upper Des Moines; Algona
Alton Review; Alton, Sioux County
Anamosa Eureka; Anamosa, Jones County
Anita Times; Anita, Cass County
Atlantic Telegraph; Atlantic
Burlington Hawk Eye; Burlington
Carroll Sentinel; Carroll, Carroll County
Cascade Pioneer; Cascade, Jones County
Cedar Falls Gazette; Cedar Falls, Black Hawk County
Cedar Rapids Gazette; Cedar Rapids
Cedar Rapids Times; Cedar Rapids
Cedar Valley Times; Cedar Rapids
Centerville Appanoose Times; Centerville, Appanoose County
Daily Iowa Capital; Des Moines
Davenport Gazette; Davenport
Decatur Republican; Decatur
Des Moines Republican; Des Moines
Dubuque Herald; Dubuque
Dubuque Times; Dubuque
Emmetsburg Palo Alto Pilot; Emmetsburg, Palo Alto County
Glenwood Opinion; Glenwood
Hawarden Independent; Calliope, Sioux County
Howarden Independent; East Orange, and Calliope, Sioux County
Iowa South West; Bedford
Iowa State Register; Des Moines
Iowa State Reporter; Waterloo, Black County
Jackson Sentinel; Maquoketa
Jefferson Bee; Jefferson
Jones County Liberal; Monticello, Jones County
Le Mars Iowa Liberal; Le Mars, Plymouth County
Le Mars Sentinel; Le Mars, Plymouth County
Malvern Leader; Malvern, Mills County
Marion Herald; Marion, Linn County
Monticello Express; Monticello, Jones County
Northern Vindicator; Estherville, Emmet County
Palo Alto Recorder; Emmetsburg, Palo Alto County
Postville Review; Postville, Allamakee County
Sioux County Herald; Orange City
Sioux County Independent; Calliope, Sioux County
Spencer Clay County News; Spencer
Spirit Lake Beacon; Spirit Lake, Dickinson County
Sumner Gazette; Sumner, Bremer County
Waterloo Courier; Waterloo, Black Hawk County
Wyoming Journal; Wyoming, Jones County
Kansas, U.S.A.
Abilene Reflector; Abilene, Dickinson County
Atchison Globe; Atchison, Atchison County
Belleville Telescope; Belleville, Republic County
Dodge City Times; Dodge City, Ford County
Iola Register; Iola
Lawrence Gazette; Lawrence, Douglas County
Lawrence Journal World; Lawrence
Lawrence Republican; Lawrence
Lawrence Western Home Journal 1874; Lawrence, Douglas County
Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth
Neosho Valley Register; Iola, Allen County
Oskaloosa Independent; Oskaloosa
Saline County Journal; Salina
Smoky Hill and Republican Union; Junction City, Geary County
Thomas County Cat; Colby, Thomas County
Weekly Kansas Chief; Troy
Western Kansas World; WeKeeney, Trego County
White Cloud Kansas Chief; White Cloud
Wichita City Eagle; Wichita, Sedgwick County
Kentucky, U.S.A.
Bourbon News; Paris, Bourbon County
Frankfort Roundabout; Frankfort
Hartford Herald; Hartford
Hickman Courier; Hickman, Fulton County
Interior Journal; Stanford
Kentucky Sentinel; Mount Sterling, Montgomery County
Kentucky Yeoman; Frankfort, Franklin County
Lebanon Post; Lebanon, Marion County
Louisville Courier; Louisville, Jefferson County
Louisville Democrat; Louisville
Louisville Express; Louisville
Louisville Times; Louisville
Semi-weekly Interior Journal; Stanford
Louisiana, U.S.A.
Colfax Chronicle; Colfax, Grant Parish
Louisiana Capitalian; Louisiana
Louisiana Democrat; Alexandria
New Orleans Crescent; New Orleans, Orleans Parish
Ouachita Telegraph; Monroe
People's Vindicator; Natchitoches
Maine, U.S.A.
Bangor Whig and Courier; Bangor
Bar Harbor Mount Desert Herald; Bar Harbor, Mount Desert Island, Knox County
Bath Independent; Bath, Sagadahoc County
Biddeford Journal; Biddeford, York County
Eastern Argus; Portland
Maryland, U.S.A.
Baltimore American and Commercial Advertiser; Baltimore
Baltimore Patriot; Baltimore
Denton Journal; Denton, Caroline County
Frederick News; Frederick
Hagerstown Herald and Torch Light; Hagerstown
Hagerstown Mail; Hagerstown
Hagerstown Torch Light and Public Advertiser; Hagerstown
Republican Star; Easton
Somerset Herald; Princess Anne
Torch Light; Hagerstown
Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Barnstable Patriot; Barnstable, Barnstable County
Barre Gazette; Barre
Barre Patriot; Barre
Boston Advertiser; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston Commercial Gazette; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston Evening-Post; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston Globe; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston Intelligencer; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston Messenger; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston News-Letter; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston Post Boy; Boston, Suffolk County
Boston Recorder; Boston, Suffolk County
Chatham Monitor; Chatham, Barnstable County
Columbian Centinel; Boston, Suffolk County
Dedham Village Register; Dedham
Haverhill Gazette; Haverhill
Independent Chronicle and Boston Patriot; Boston, Suffolk County
Litchburg Sentinel; Litchburg
Lowell Courier; Lowell
Lowell Journal and Courier; Lowell
Massachusetts Spy; Boston, Suffolk County
New Bedford Mercury; New Bedford
New-England Galaxy; Boston, Suffolk County
New-England Journal; Boston, Suffolk County
Newburyport Herald; Newburyport
Pittsfield Sun; Pittsfield
Plymouth Journal; Plymouth
Salem Gazette; Salem
Village Register; Dedham
Wachusett Star; Barre
Michigan, U.S.A.
Clare County Press; Clare, Clare County
Grand Traverse Herald; Traverse City, Grand Traverse County
Hillsdale Standard; Hillsdale
Kalamazoo Telegraph; Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo County
Marshall Democratic Expounder; Marshall
Otsego Union; Otsego, Allegan County
Pinckney Dispatch; Pinckney, Livingston County
St. Joseph Herald; Saint Joseph
Minnesota, U.S.A.
Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard; Albert Lea
Minnesota, U.S.A.
New Ulm Review; New Ulm, Brown County
Princeton Union; Princeton, Mille Lacs County
Red Wing Grange Advance; Red Wing, Goodhue County
Red Wing Sentinel; Red Wing, Goodhue County
Saint Paul Globe; Saint Paul
St. Cloud Democrat; St. Cloud, Stearns County
St. Cloud Journal; St. Cloud, Stearns County
St. Paul Globe; Saint Paul
Winona Record; Winona
Winona Republican; Winona
Missouri, U.S.A.
Andrew County Republican; Savannah
Bates County Record; Butler
Bolivar Free Press; Bolivar, Polk County
Boon's Lick Times; Fayette
Buffalo Reflex; Buffalo
Cape Girardeau Weekly Argus; Cape Girardeau
Charleston Courier; Charleston, Mississippi County
County Paper; Oregon
Doniphan Prospect; Doniphan
Fair Play; Saint Genevieve
Glasgow Times; Glasgow
Hannibal Clipper; Hannibal
Hannibal Journal; Hannibal, Marion County
Holt County Sentinel; Oregon, Holt County
Jackson Missouri Cash-Book; Jackson
Jefferson City Peoples Tribune; Jefferson City, Cole County
Jefferson City State Journal; Jefferson City
Kansas City Journal of Commerce; Kansas City
Kirksville Graphic; Kirksville, Adair County
Liberty Tribune; Liberty
Lincoln County Herald; Troy
Loyal Missourian; California, Moniteau County
Marshall Democrat; Marshall
Missouri Patriot; Springfield
Missouri Republican; St. Louis
Missouri State Times; Jefferson City
Moniteau Journal; California
Mount Vernon Fountain and Journal; Mt. Vernon, Lawrence County
Neosho Times; Neosho
Oregon County Paper; Oregon
Phelps County New Era; Rolla
Richmond Democrat; Richmond, Ray County
Rolla Weekly Herald; Rolla
Saline County Progress; Marshall
Sedalia Bazoo; Sedalia, Pettis County
Sedalia Democrat; Sedalia, Pettis County
Springfield Leader; Springfield, Christian County
St. Genevieve Fair Play; Saint Genevieve
St. Joseph Gazette; Saint Joseph, Buchanan County
St. Louis Missouri Republican; Saint Louis
Troy Herald; Troy, Lincoln County
Montana, U.S.A.
Montana Post; Virginia City
Yellowstone Journal [a.k.a. Daily Yellowstone Journal]; Miles City
Nebraska, U.S.A.
Columbus Journal; Columbus, Platte County
Huntsman's Echo; Wood River Center, Buffalo County
Kearney Hub; Kearney, Buffalo County
Nebraska Advertiser; Brownville, Nemaha County
Nebraska State Journal; Lincoln
North Nebraska Eagle; Dakota City
Omaha Arrow; Omaha, Douglas County
Omaha Bee; Omaha, Douglas County
Omaha Herald; Omaha, Douglas County
Omaha Nebraskian; Omaha, Douglas County
Omaha Republican; Omaha, Douglas County
Omaha Tribune; Omaha, Douglas County
Omaha World-Herald; Omaha, Douglas County
Red Cloud Chief; Red Cloud, Webster County
Valentine Reporter; Valentine, Cherry County
Nevada, U.S.A.;
Nevada State Journal; Reno, Washoe County
Reese River Reveille; Austin
Reno Evening Gazette; Reno, Washoe County
New Hampshire, U.S.A.
Farmer's Cabinet; Amherst
New Hampshire Gazette; Portsmouth
New Hampshire Patriot; Concord
New Hampshire Sentinel; Keene
New Hampshire Spy; Portsmouth
New-Hampshire Gazette and Historical Chronicle; Portsmouth
New-Hampshire Patriot; Concord
Portsmouth Journal of Literature and Politics; Portsmouth
New Jersey, U.S.A.
Burlington Advertiser; Burlington
Camden Democrat; Camden
Hammonton Item; Hammonton, Atlantic County
May's Landing Record; May's Landing, Atlantic County
New Brunswick Times; New Brunswick, Middlesex County
Rahway Advocate and Times; Rahway, Union County
Red Bank Register; Red Bank, Monmouth County
South-Jersey Republican; Hammonton, Atlantic County
Trenton Federalist; Trenton
Woodbridge Independent Hour; Woodbridge, Middlesex County
New York, U.S.A.
Adams Herald; Adams, Jefferson County
Albany Argus; Albany
Albany Centinel; Albany, Albany County
Albany Evening Journal; Albany, Albany County
Amenia Times; Amenia Times, Dutchess County
American Citizen; New York
Amsterdam Democrat and Recorder; Amsterdam
Auburn Bulletin; Auburn
Auburn Christian Advocate; Auburn
Auburn Journal; Auburn
Auburn News; Auburn
Auburn News and Democrat; Auburn
Baldwinsville Gazette; Baldwinsville, Onondago County
Batavia News; Batavia
Batavia Spirit of the Times; Batavia
Belmont Genesee Valley Post; Belmont, Allegany County
Binghamton Broome Republican; Binghamton
Bloomville Mirror; Bloomville, Delaware County
Brockport Republic; Brockport, Monroe County
Brooklyn Eagle; Brooklyn
Buffalo Courier; Buffalo
Buffalo Courier and Republic; Buffalo
Buffalo Express; Buffalo
Catskill Recorder; Catskill
Cayuga Chief; Auburn
Cayuga County Independent; Auburn
Chatham Courier; Chatham
Cherry Valley Gazette; Cherry Valley, Otsego County
Chittenango Herald; Chittenango, Madison County
Columbian [New York]; New York
Corning Journal; Corning
Cuba Evening Review; Cuba, Allegany County
Cuba True Patriot; Cuba
Dansville Advertiser; Dansville, Livingston County
DeRuyter New Era-Gleaner; DeRuyter, Madison County
Dunkirk Observer; Dunkirk, Chautauqua County
Erie County Independent; Buffalo and Hamburg, Erie County
Essex County Republican; Keeseville
Evening Gazette; Port Jervis
Fairport Herald; Fairport, Monroe County
Franklin Gazette; Malone
Fredonia Censor; Fredonia
Geneseo Democrat; Geneseo
Geneva Advertiser; Geneva
Geneva Courier; Geneva
Geneva Express; Geneva
Geneva Gazette; Geneva
Gloversville Intelligencer; Gloversville
Hudson Evening Register; Hudson
Hudson River Chronicle; Sing-Sing, Westchester County
Huntington Long Islander; Huntington, Suffolk County
Ithaca Journal; Ithaca
Jefferson County Journal; Adams
Kingston Freeman; Kingston, Ulster County
Little Falls Journal and Courier; Little Falls, Herkimer County
Little Falls Mohawk Courier; Little Falls, Herkimer County
Livingston Republican; Geneseo
Lockport Journal and Courier; Lockport, Niagara County
Lodi Freeman and Messenger; Lodi, Cattaraugus County
Long-Island Farmer; Jamaica
Lowville Journal and Republican; Lowville, Lewis County
Lyons Wayne Democratic Press; Lyons
Madison Observer; Morrisville, Madison County
Malone Frontier Palladium; Malone, Franklin County
Medina Register; Medina
Mexico Independent; Mexico
Morrisville Madison Observer; Morrisville
Mount Morris Union; Mount Morris, Livingston County
Mourning Courier and New-York Enquirer; New York
Naples Record; Naples, Ontario County
Neapolitan Record; Naples
New York Advertiser; New York
New York American for the Country; New York
New York Clipper; New York
New York Commercial Advertiser; New York
New York Evening Express; New York
New York Evening Mirror; New York
New York Evening Post; New York
New York Evening Telegram; New York
New York Gazette; New York
New York Graphic; New York
New York Herald; New York
New York Mercantile Advertiser; New York
New York Mercury; New York
New York New World; New York
New York Spectator; New York
New York Sun; New York
New York Telegram; New York
New York Times; New York
New York Tribune; New York
New York World; New York
New-York Journal; New York
New-York Spectator; New York
Newburgh News; Newburgh
Newtown Register; Newtown, Long Island
Niagara Falls Gazette; Niagara Falls, Niagara County
Ogdensburgh Journal; Ogdensburg
Ogdensburgh Sentinel; Ogdensburg
Oneida Morning Herald; Utica
Oneida Sachem; Oneida, Madison County
Oswego Commercial Times; Oswego
Oswego Palladium; Oswego, Oneida County
Oswego Press; Oswego, Oneida County
Oswego Times and Express; Oswego, Oneida County
Otsego Farmer; Cooperstown
Otsego Herald; Cooperstown
Pine Plains Register; Pine Plains
Plattsburgh Republican; Plattsburgh, Clinton County
Port Jervis Evening Gazette; Port Jervis
Poughkeepsie Daily Eagle; Poughkeepsie
Progressive Batavian; Batavia, Genesee County
Pulaski Democrat; Pulaski
Putnam County Standard; Brewster's [=Brewster], Putnam County
Putnam County Courier; Carmel, Putnam County
Rochester Republican; Rochester
Rochester Union and Advertiser; Rochester
Rockland County Journal; Nyack, Rockland County
Roman Citizen; Rome, Oneida County
Rome Sentinel; Rome, Oneida County
Sag Harbor Corrector; Sag-Harbor, Long Island, Suffolk County
Sag Harbor Express; Sag-Harbor, Long Island, Suffolk County
Salem Northern Post; Salem
Schoharie Union; Schoharie, Schoharie County
Skaneateles Courier and Republican; Skaneateles, Onondago County
Skaneateles Free Press; Skaneateles, Onondago County
South Side Signal; Babylon, Long Island, Suffolk County
Spirit of the Times; New York
St. Lawrence Republican; Ogdensburg
St. Lawrence Republican and Ogdensburg Weekly Journal; Ogdensburg
Stamford Mirror; Stamford, Delaware County
Syracuse Courier and Union; Syracuse, Onondaga County
Syracuse Evening Chronicle; Syracuse
Syracuse Journal; Syracuse
Syracuse Standard; Syracuse
Union Springs Advertiser; Union Springs, Cayuga County
Utica Gazette; Utica, Oneida County
Utica Herald; Utica, Oneida County
Utica Morning Herald and Daily Gazette; Utica, Oneida County
Utica Observer; Utica, Oneida County
Watertown Re-Union; Watertown, Jefferson County
Watertown Times; Watertown
Waterville Times; Waterville
Wellsville Alleghany County Reporter; Wellsville, Alleghany County
Western Argus; Lyons, Wayne County
Wyoming County Mirror; Warsaw
North Carolina, U.S.A.
Catawba Journal; Charlotte
Fayetteville Observer; Fayetteville
Highland Messenger; Asheville
Newbern Sentinel; New Bern
North Carolina Whig; Charlotte
Western Carolinian; Salisbury, Rowan County
North Dakota, U.S.A.;
Bismarck Tribune; Bismarck
Fort Rice Frontier Scout; Fort Rice, Morton County
Ohio, U.S.A.
Ashtabula Telegraph; Ashtabula, Ashtabula County
Belmont Chronicle; Saint Clairsville
Cincinnati Press; Cincinnati
Cleveland Leader; Cleveland
Coshocton Democrat; Coshocton
Dayton Empire; Dayton, Montgomery County
Elyria Constitution; Elyria, Lorain County
Elyria Courier; Elyria, Lorain County
Elyria Independent Democrat; Elyria, Lorain County
Fremont Journal; Fremont, Sandusky County
Gallipolis Journal; Gallipolis
Highland News; Hillsborough [Hillsboro], Highland County
Hillsboro News-Herald; Hillsboro, Hghland County
Hocking Sentinel; Logan
Holmes County Farmer; Millersburg, Holmes County
Holmes County Republican; Millersburg, Holmes County
Huron Reflector; Norwalk
McConnelsville Conservative; Salem
New Philadelphia Democrat; New Philadelphia, Tuscarawas County
Painesville Telegraph; Painesville, Lake County
Perrysburg Journal; Perrysburg
Piqua Miami Helmet; Piqua, Miami County
Portsmouth Times; Portsmouth
Springfield Globe-Republic; Springfield
Stark County Democrat; Canton
Tiffin Tribune; Tiffin, Hillsdale County
Urbana Union; Urbana
Vinton Record; McArthur, Vinton County
Western Reserve Chronicle; Warren, Trumbull County
Zanesville Courier; Zanesville, Muskingum County
Oklahoma, U.S.A.
Cherokee Advocate; Tahlequah
Indian Chieftain; Vinita, Craig County
Muskogee Indian Journal; Muskogee
Oregon, U.S.A.
Astorian; Astoria
Daily Astorian; Astoria
Marshfield Coast Mail; Marshfield
Morning Oregonian; Portland, Multnomah County
Willamette Farmer; Salem
Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Altoona Tribune; Altoona, Blair County
Bloomsburg Columbian; Bloomsburg
Bloomsburg Democrat; Bloomsburg, Columbia County
Bristol Bucks County Gazette; Bristol, Bucks County
Carbon Advocate; Lehighton
Chester Times; Chester, Delaware County
Clearfield Democratic Banner; Clearfield
Columbia Democrat; Bloomsburg
Columbia Democrat and Bloomsburg General Advertiser; Bloomsburg
Columbian [Pennsylvania]; Bloomsburg
Columbian and Democrat; Bloomsburg
Daily Derrick; Oil City
Elk Advocate; Ridgway, Elk County
Elk County Advocate; Ridgway, Elk County
Evening Mirror; Altoona
Federal Gazette, and Philadelphia Evening Post; Philadelphia
Franklin Repository; Franklin County
General Advertiser and Political, Commercial,; Philadelphia
Gettysburg Complier; Gettysburg
Gettysburg Republican; Gettysburg
Gettysburg Republican Complier; Gettysburg
Gettysburg Star; Gettysburg
Gettysburg Star and Sentinel; Gettysburg
Greenville Advance; Greenville, Mercer County
Greenville Advance Argus; Greenville, Mercer County
Greenville Argus; Greenville, Mercer County
Greenville Shenango Valley Argus; Greenville, Mercer County
Huntingdon Journal; Huntingdon
Indiana Democrat; Indiana County
Indiana Messenger; Indiana County
Indiana Progress; Indiana County
Jeffersonian Republican; Stroudsburg, Monroe County
Journal and American; Huntingdon
Juniata Sentinel; Mifflintown
Kane Leader; Kane, McKean County
Kane Weekly Blade; Kane, McKean County
Keystone Courier; Connellsville
Lancaster Examiner and Herald; Lancaster, Lancaster County
Lancaster Intelligencer; Lancaster, Lancaster County
Lancaster Journal; Lancaster, Lancaster County
Lebanon News; Lebanon, Lebanon County
Lehigh Register; Allentown, Lehigh County
Middleburgh Post; Middleburgh, Snyder County
New Holland Clarion; New Holland
Pennsylvania Gazette; Philadelphia
Pennsylvania Mercury and Universal Advertiser; Philadelphia
Philadelphia Evening Bulletin; Philadelphia
Philadelphia Evening Telegraph; Philadelphia
Philadelphia Gazette of the United States; Philadelphia
Philadelphia Press; Philadelphia
Pittsburgh Morning Post; Pittsburgh
Poulson's American Advertiser; Philadelphia
Raftsman's Journal; Clearfield
Republican Compiler; Gettysburg
Shenango Valley Argus; Greenville, Mercer County
Smethport McKean Miner; Smethport, McKean County
Stroudsburg Jeffersonian; Stroudsburg, Monroe County
Tioga Eagle; Wellsboro
Titusville Morning Herald; Titusville
Union County Star and Lewisburg Chronicle; Lewisburg, Union County
Warren Ledger; Warren County
Waynesboro Village Record; Waynesboro
Wellsboro Agitator; Wellsboro, Tioga County
Williamsport Gazette and Bulletin; Williamsport
Williamsport Lycoming Gazette; Williamsport
Rhode Island, U.S.A.
Newport Journal; Newport
Newport News; Newport
Providence Gazette; Providence
Providence Patriot; Providence
Providence Post; Providence
Rhode Island American; Providence
Rhode Island Gazette; Newport
Rhode Island Republican; Newport
South Carolina, U.S.A.
Anderson Intelligencer; Anderson Court House
Carolina Watchman; Salisbury, Rowan County
Charleston News; Charleston
City Gazette and Daily Advertiser; Charleston
Columbia Phoenix; Columbia
Daily Phoenix; Columbia
Georgetown Enquirer; Georgetown, Georgetown County
Georgetown Union; Georgetown, Georgetown County
Keowee Courier; Walhalla
New South; Port Royal
Orangeburg Times and Democrat; Orangeburg
Pee Dee Times; Georgetown, Georgetown County
Sumter Watchman and Southron; Sumter, Sumter County
Sunbury American; Sunbury, Northumberland County
Sunbury American and Shamokin Journal; Sunbury, Northumberland County
Winyah Observer; Georgetown, Georgetown County
Winyaw Intelligencer; Georgetown, Georgetown County
Tennessee, U.S.A.
Bolivar Bulletin; Bolivar, Hardeman County
Columbia Herald; Columbia
Knoxville Chronicle; Knoxville
Memphis Appeal; Memphis
Milan Exchange; Milan, Gibson County
Nashville Union and American; Nashville
Texas, U.S.A.
Austin Intelligencer-Echo; Austin
Austin State Gazette; Austin
Brenham Banner; Brenham, Washington County
Clarksville Standard; Clarksville
Colorado Citizen; Columbus
Fort Worth Gazette; Fort Worth
Galveston Civilian; Galveston
Galveston Civilian and Gazette; Galveston
Galveston News; Galveston
Houston Mercury; Houston
Houston Telegraph and Texas Register; Houston
San Antonio Light; San Antonio, Bexar County
State Gazette; Austin
Waco Examiner; Waco
Utah, U.S.A.
Deseret News; Salt Lake City
Salt Lake Herald; Salt Lake City
Salt Lake Tribune; Salt Lake City
St. George Union; Saint George
Vermont, U.S.A.
Brattleboro Eagle; Brattleboro
Brattleboro Reporter; Brattleboro
Burlington Free Press; Burlington
Randolph Weekly Wanderer; Randolph, Orange County
Rutland County Herald; Rutland
Rutland Globe; Rutland
Rutland Herald; Rutland
St. Johnsbury Caledonian; St. Johnsbury, Caledonia County
Vermont Farmer; Saint Johnsbury
Vermont Gazette; Bennington
Vermont Phoenix; Brattleboro
Vermont Transcript; Saint Albans
Vermont Watchman; Montpelier
Virginia, U.S.A.
Alexandria Advertiser; Alexandria
Alexandria Gazette; Alexandria
American Beacon; Norfolk
Daily State Journal; Richmond
Harrisonburg Rockingham Register; Harrisonburg, Rockingham County
Native Virginian; Orange Court House
Petersburg Index and Appeal; Petersburg
Richmond Dispatch; Richmond
Richmond Enquirer; Richmond
Shenandoah Herald; Woodstock
Wisconsin, U.S.A.
Appleton Motor; Appleton, Outagamie County
Appleton Post Crescent; Appleton, Outagamie County
Beaver Dam Democrat; Beaver Dam
Daily Free Democrat; Milwaukee
Door County Advocate; Sturgeon Bay, Door County
Door County Expositor; Sturgeon Bay, Door County
Eau Claire Free Press; Eau Claire, Eau Claire County
Eau Claire News; Eau Claire, Eau Claire County
Evergreen City Times; Sheboygan
Forest Republican; Crandon
Grant County Herald; Lancaster, Grant County
Gravesville Calumet Republican; Gravesville, Calumet County
Green Bay Republican; Green Bay
Hudson North Star; Hudson, St. Croix County
Independent American; Platteville
Janesville Democrat; Janesville, Rock County
Janesville Democratic Standard; Janesville, Rock County
Janesville Gazette; Janesville, Rock County
Janesville Gazette and Free Press; Janesville, Rock County
Kenosha Democrat; Kenosha
Kenosha Telegraph; Kenosha
Madison Democrat; Madison
Madison Express; Madison, Dane County
Madison State Journal; Madison, Dane County
Madison Wisconsin Argus; Madison, Dane County
Madison Wisconsin Patriot; Madison, Dane County
Manitowoc Tribune; Manitowoc
Milwaukee Evening Courier; Milwaukee
Milwaukee Free Democrat; Milwaukee
Milwaukee News; Milwaukee
Milwaukee Sentinel; Milwaukee
Milwaukee Sentinel and Gazette; Milwaukee
Milwaukee Wisconsin; Milwaukee
Oshkosh Courier; Oshkosh, Winnebago County
Oshkosh Northwestern; Oshkosh
Prescott Transcript; Prescott, Pierce County
Racine Argus; Racine
Racine County Argus; Racine County
Racine Journal; Racine, Racine County
Racine Morning Advocate; Racine
Racine News; Racine
Richland County Observer; Richland Center, Richland County
Sauk County Standard; Baraboo, Sauk County
Semi-weekly Wisconsin; Milwaukee
Shawano County Herald; Shawano
Shawano County Journal; Shawano, Shawano County
Sparta Eagle; Sparta, Monroe County
State Journal; Madison
Stevens Point Journal; Stevens Point
Stevens Point Lumberman; Stevens Point, Portage County
Stevens Point Wisconsin Pinery; Stevens Point, Portage County
Sturgeon Bay Expositor Independent; Sturgeon Bay, Door County
Superior Chronicle; Superior, Douglas County
Watertown Democrat; Wattertown, Jefferson County
Waukesha County Democrat; Waukesha
Waukesha Freeman; Waukesha
Waukesha Plaindealer; Waukesha
Waupun Times; Waupun
Weekly Wisconsin; Milwaukee
Whitewater Register; Whitewater
Wisconsin Democrat; Green Bay
Wisconsin Free Democrat; Milwaukee
Wisconsin Patriot; Madison
Wisconsin State Journal; Madison
Wyoming, U.S.A.
Laramie Sentinel; Laramie

Most of these resources can be located by doing an internet search using the keywords "online historic newspapers" that provides a link to different websites which have archival copies of historic issues of newspapers which indicate a wonderful insight of bird history which cannot be ignored in any state.

There are, however, more records available than known by this initial effort, due to limitations of search options where text is not recognized, or where a site does not provide a search option, and in a primary manner, there is a requirement for payment to review articles. The number of records would easily increase substantially if there were not these sorts of limitations.

Newspaper number 800 was the Bellevue Gazette reviewed closely on August 29, 2013. It was issued at Bellevue City, Nebraska Territory, and one of its special features was regular poetry on the front page. How appropriate that it was a Nebraska newspaper.